Ibrahim B. Syed
This article is written to prove there is no conflict between science and Islam, based on the Qur’anic inspirations the author derived from reading different Ayath (Verses). Even at the dawn of the 21st century of the CE, the Muslims can derive inspiration from the in depth study of the Qur’an and make new scientific discoveries and push forward the frontiers of knowledge. I humbly believe that the younger generation of Muslims will get inspiration from the revelations in the Qur’an and do investigate and contribute to the bank of knowledge.
In several places, the Glorious Qur’an uses inquiring phrases such as ‘do they not think,’ ‘do they not ponder,’ or ‘reflect,’ and asks the Qur’anic reader ‘to enquire about certain statements to those who have knowledge and expertise.’ The approach of the Qur’an is to invite to reason, logic, rationality and intelligence. The more one researches on different verses in the Noble Qur’an, more deeper meaning one gets. Many books and articles have been published as a result of heeding to the Qur’anic Ayath exhorting the Qur’anic readers to think, reflect and ponder over Natural Phenomena both in the heaveans and the earth, including the human beings.
The Qur’an inspires man to observe, experience, and investigate. It acknowledges sense perception and experiential as rewarding. In short, the spirit of the Qur’an, unlike other religions, is scientific.
Allah says in the Quran,
“And hath made of service unto you whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth; it is all from Him. Lo! herein verily are portents for a people who reflect.” 45:13
“And of His sign is the creation of the heavens and the earth, and the difference of your languages and colors. Lo! Herein indeed are portents for men of knowledge.” 30:22
That is why the Qur’an speaks of those who study nature and try to discover the laws that govern it as “men of knowledge and insight”; furthermore, the Noble Qur’an says: “Lo! In the heavens and the earth are portents for believers” (45: 3). In seeking knowledge, the believers are spurred on by their faith (Iman). …. They know that: The alternation of night and day and the provision that Allah sendeth down from the sky and thereby quickeneth the earth after her death, and the ordering of the winds, are portents for a people who have sense (45: 5). Our faith in Allah (SWT) does not follow from purely logical arguments; but it springs from the direct experience of order, harmony, and beauty in nature.
There are those who ponder over God’s creation, for they know that
“In the creation of the heavens and the earth and the alternation of night and day, are surely signs to men of understanding”(3: 189). They are the men “who keep in their mind (the law of) Allah (SWT) sitting and standing and reclining, and reflect on the creation of the heavens and the earth” (3: 190). When they reflect on the grandeur of nature, they are deeply moved and exclaim: “Our Lord! (Rabb) Thou hast not created this in vain (7: 190).”
Anyone who approaches nature with the attitude of the believers (Mu’mins), that person feels it in his/her consciousness that it has a meaning and a purpose. A person with intellectual honesty cannot but admit that certain things in the Qur’an are incomprehensible to him/her at the present level of one’s knowledge. With humility when one confesses one’s ignorance, then that person will have a conviction that if he/she persists in seeking more knowledge, one day that person will perceive the meaning of incomprehensible things as well. Men or women who lack this conviction live “in a sort of hell” (7: 191)”, and the pity is that “no one can help them” (7: 191).
With regard to inspiration, Allah (SWT) says in the Qur’an: “Likewise Allah, the All-Mighty, the All-Wise inspires you (O Muhammad (SAW)) as (He inspired) those before you. 42: 3
The Noble Qur’an is a source of advice, healing, guidance and mercy for those who have faith. The Qur’an contains nothing that is uncertain or questionable. It is absolutely straight, and authoritative, and ‘Nur’ (enlightenment) for the Muslims or the believers. There are innumberable spiritual benefits from the Qur’an to the believers.
The Quran is a source of law to guide the practical life of man. The Qur’an is a source of knowledge, which inspires man’s intellectual endeavors. It is a universe into whose shape both the natural and social environment of man are cast, a universe which determines the life of the soul of man, its becoming, fruition, death and final destiny beyond this world. Qur’an is the Divine manifestation of Islam. It would never have been revealed to mankind and never have been understood except for Rasoolullah- our Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), who was chosen as the messenger and commentator to men.
In his Book, “Way to the Qur’an”, Khurram Murad says, ” You must remember certain characteristics of the Quranic style. Firstly, that it appeals to reason and feeling, intellect and soul as one whole. Secondly, that it is short, precise, direct, personal, and evocative. Thirdly, that it confronts its listeners with choices and decisions and inspires them to heed and act. Fourthly, that its language is as powerful as the message, which penetrates deep inside you. Fifthly, that its argument is always what its listeners are able to understand, that it is always drawn from their everyday experience, that it always finds an echo inside them. Above all, that it is not abstract, logical, speculative.”
The Qur’an is a book of guidance to mankind and it inspires justice, good manners, humility, honesty, sincerity, and all that is most righteous. Although the Qur’an is a book of guidance for all humanity, however not everyone who reads it will get guidance from it. Qur’an reserves its guidance for those who sincerely seek it and approach it in the appropriate way and with the right attitude. At the same time, the Qur’an urges and inspires the believers to an ethic of action. It is a moral accountability for Muslims to struggle for what is good and just. For Muslims, it is an obligation to enjoin good and forbid evil (3:104). The Noble Qur’an gives moral code for individuals as well as states. It gives the Law or Shariah for the States as well. The Glorious Qur’an addresses both the heart and the intellect. It educates; it inspires; it heals. It shows the Path and it gives us the energy and motivation to follow it. No one can go wrong who makes the Qur’an his or her guide. No one can succeed who ignores its guidance.
The Qur’an inspires us towards peace, purity and tranquillity and institutes closeness to God. Recitation of the Qur’an amazingly reduces the stresses and tensions or the hustle and bustle of life to disciplined magnitude. The recitation of the Qur’an both in the morning and evening tend to sustain a healing or beneficial level and practically leaves no room for mischievous thought or deed. It inspires human beings to be responsible and watchful against evils and immorality. Muslims are urged to recite the Qur’an regularly. No one should allow a day to pass in one’s life in which one forgets to read the Qur’an. One must understand its message and contemplate over its teachings. We must cast our life based on its commands.
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