Does Islam and its Prophet Muhammad have any historical link with the Bible? (Gospel and the Old Testament).
(All quotations are from the New King James Version.)
Yes, indeed there are many links. We quote as follows;
In the Old Testament, Genesis, 21:21 it is said: ‘He (Prophet Ishmael) dwelt in the Wilderness of Paran; and his Mother took a wife for him from the land of Egypt.’ Psalm 83: 4-6 talks about the enemies of among others Ishmaelites, and Hagrites (Hagar being the mother of Prophet Ishmael). Psalm 84: 4-6 “4- Blessed are those who dwell in your House; They will still be praising You. 5- Blessed is the man whose strength is in You, whose heart is set on the pilgrimage. 6- As they pass through the valley of Baca. They make it a spring; The rain also covers it with pools.”
There are several interesting points in the above verses. The name Baca could be Hebrew whereas the word Mecca is Arabic. Added to this the fact that there is a designated House of God built by Abraham peace be upon him in Mecca where yearly pilgrimage was performed from the time of Abraham and Ishmael peace be upon them both, even to this day. The valley of Baca could indeed be the same as the valley of Mecca. The above verses seem to place Hagar, Ishmael and their children in the valley of Mecca where Prophet Muhammad, (Peace and Blessing of God be upon him), was born.
Isaiah, 21:12-17 mentions 12…In the forest in Arabia you will lodge…15
For they fled from the swords, from the drawn sword, from the bent bow, and from the distress of war. (Probable connection with the enemies mentioned in Psalm 83: 4-6 quoted above; also settlement in Arabia is confirmed; the verse 16 which follows, also confirms these verses are about Ishmaelite, Kedar being the 2nd son of Prophet Ishmael). 16 For thus the Lord…all the glory of Kedar will fall; 17 and the remainder…people of Kedar will be diminished…Isaiah 42:1-13 These are very moving verses about ‘God’s elect servant’ who will bring forth justice to the Gentiles. A point worth noting is that Gentiles are the non Jews and it was confirmed by Jesus peace be upon him that he was sent to the Jews. Moreover Muhammad is consistently named by God as Mustafa which means ‘elected’ and ‘Abd’ which means ‘servant’. Prophet Muhammad always referred to himself consistently as the ‘servant of God’. The above verses cannot be about Jesus peace be upon him as many Christians believe, for at least two reasons. Firstly, the Christians and the Catholics describe him as the son of God and not the servant of God; whereas Prophet Muhammad is known exclusively as the Servant and the Messenger of God. Secondly, Jesus was sent exclusively to the Jews whereas Prophet Muhammad was sent among the Gentiles.
Are there any references and citations from the bible about the coming of the prophet Muhammad?
Yes. There are several citations in the Bible prophesying the coming of prophet Muhammad. Isaiah 42: 4 says ‘ He will not fail nor be discouraged, till he has established justice in the earth; . . . The Ministry of Jesus peace be upon him lasted only three years and at the time of his departure from this world it could not be truthfully said that ‘he established justice in the earth’. However, Prophet Muhammad preached for 23 years and most certainly ‘established justice in the earth’ before he departed from the earth. It is therefore reasonable to conclude that verses 1-13 refer to the coming of Prophet Muhammad.
Deuteronomy 18:18 “I will raise for them a Prophet like you (Moses) from among their brethren and will put My words in his mouth, and he shall speak unto them, all that I command him”.
Let me make some comments about the above: Christians believe that this is a reference to Jesus peace be upon him. One important word here is “Prophet”. Christians believe Jesus is the son of God not a prophet of God. Another important word is “brethren”. If it were Jesus the word would have been “children” because Jesus peace be upon him came from the children of Isaac. Since Ishmael peace be upon him was the brother of Isaac peace be upon him, the reference is therefore to the children of Prophet Ishmael peace be upon him who will be brethren to the children of Isaac peace be upon him. Again the only Prophet from the brethren of the Jews and the Christians was Prophet Muhammad peace and blessings of God be upon him. The next important phrase is “Like you (Moses)”. Even a cursory comparison will show us that Jesus peace be upon him was very unlike Prophet Moses peace be upon him. Prophet Moses’ birth was natural whereas the birth of Jesus was miraculous without a father, to a virgin, peace be upon her. Prophet Moses married and had children, Jesus did not marry and of course did not have any children. The ministry of Jesus peace be upon him lasted three years and did not see the laws of God establish in his time. Prophet Moses peace be upon him, preached the law of God for many decades and saw in his time, the law of God established. Comparing Prophet Moses peace be upon him, with Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him, brings out an amazing similarity. Muhammad’s birth was natural; he was married and had children; preached the law of God for 23 years and saw in his own time God’s Law established in his land.
The phrase: “I will put My words in his mouth”, takes on great significance because Prophet Muhammad peace and blessings of God be upon him, was unlettered; he did not know how to read or write. Normally God would put the message in the Prophet’s mind. In this case attention is drawn towards “words” being put into the “mouth”. Prophet Muhammad’s sayings as well as eye witness accounts describe his receiving the verses of the Holy Quran, and his tongue moving with the words being put in his mouth.
Turning to the New Testament, let us look at John 14: 15-16. It says: “14-If you love Me, keep My commandments. 16- And I will pray the Father, and He will give you another “comforter” (Helper in other versions), that he may abide with you forever”. Also John 15: 26-27, John 16: 5-8 and John 16: 12-14.
Jesus peace be upon him, spoke the Gospel in his native language which is Aramaic. The earliest translations were in Greek. It is very very interesting that the Greek word which was eventually translated into English as “Comforter” (Helper) is “Parqaleeta” and the meaning of this word is “one whom people praise exceedingly”. It does not mean “the Holy Ghost” which is what we are told the so called “Comforter” means. I do not have the slightest clue as to how this meaning was given to the word Parqaleeta. What is even more fascinating is the fact that the name Muhammad has exactly the same meaning as Parqaleeta “one whom people praise exceedingly”! One of my friends wrote very beautifully in his book about the meaning of the word Muhammad: ‘The most praised one. He is praised upon earth and in the heavens, from the beginning to the end, by men jinn and angels, rocks and trees and animals, by prophets before him since Adam, by saints until Doomsday. As all of this cannot give him due praise, we beg God to praise him. He is the only One who truly knows the value and the mystery of His Muhammad and He is the only One who can truly praise him’. The celestial name of Prophet Muhammad peace and blessings of God be upon him is Ahmad. I will quote from the Holy Quran about the connection of Prophet Muhammad with the Bible as follows:
Chapter 61: 5-6
“And remember Moses said to his people: “O my people! why do ye vex and insult me though ye know that I am the apostle of Allah (sent) to you?” Then when they went wrong Allah let their hearts go wrong: for Allah guides not those who are rebellious transgressors.
And remember Jesus the son of Mary said: “O Children of Israel! I am the Prophet of Allah (sent) to you confirming the Law (which came) before me and giving glad Tidings of a Prophet to come after me, whose name shall be Ahmad.” But when he came to them with Clear Signs they said “This is evident sorcery!”
Allah is one of the 100 names of the One and only God. Allah is the name of His Essence while the other 99 are the names of His Attributes.
As for “abide with you forever” since Prophet Muhammad is the final Prophet and the Holy Quran the final Testament and Revelation from God, his teachings which are more or less the same as of all the other Prophets and Messengers of God, Divine teachings of God, he will abide in his teachings forever.
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